Trebic is the town of uncommon religious sights, the most famous of which is the
Romanesque-Gothic Basilica of St. Procope. The abbot cathedral was originally
dedicated to the Virgin Mary, but after being damaged during the wars, it had
been used for secular purposes for more than two centuries. After its renovation
the Church has been using it again. Among the most precious parts of the basilica
there is the crypt with a more than seven hundred years old timbering of the ceiling,
the presbytery vaulted by the cross stone vault, the rose window in the eastern
part of the apse and the northern portal, which is a unique piece of stone work.
Architect Kamil Hilbert created the recent look of the basilica interior in the
Trebic used to belong to the important centres of Jewish culture in Moravia.
The uniquely preserved Jewish Town remains a witness of the coexistence of the
Jews and the Christians. The unique Jewish quarter with dense housing, narrow
isles, dark corners, vaulted passages and romantic little squares, includes
more than 120 residential houses. Besides them there have been preserved the
buildings of the former Jewish institutions e.g. the Town Hall, the school,
the rabbinate and the poorhouse. The Back Synagogue was completely reconstructed.
Its interior, decorated with unique wall paintings from the early 18th century,
houses the exposition of the history of the former ghetto. Various cultural
events, such as exhibitions, concerts, meetings and seminaries, take place here.
The Front Synagogue serves today as a chapelry of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church.
The original Jewish cemetery was relocated in the 17th century to the northern
slope of the Hrádek Hill. Around 3000 tombstones, the eldest of which
dates back to 1625, are situated in a beautiful park with tall trees and mysterious
atmosphere. The cemetery includes the Ceremonial Hall from 1903 with uniquely
preserved interiors. Funeral ceremonies have been taking place here still according
to the old Jewish tradition. Today, the cemetery belongs to the best-preserved
Jewish cemeteries in the Czech Republic. Besides Jerusalem the Trebic Jewish
sights are the only ones, which have been included in the UNESCO list as separate.
Trebic is situated between the towns Brno, Jihlava and Znojmo. It is 180 km
far from Prague and only 60 km from Brno.